(mainly or initiated by) women

WOMEN (mainly or initiated by). Includes any cases initiated by transwomen, that is, women who were born as anatomically men but changed their expression of their gender. There are struggles, for example for democracy, that are initiated by women but grow far beyond that category. This tag enables readers still to find such cases, in which women played a key role.

"Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia" Campaign against the war in Chechnya 1995


The ‘Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers of Russia’(CSM) was formed in 1989 as an organized response to the mistreatment of Russian soldiers during times of war and forced military service for young men who were still in school. Early activity of the CSM’s led to the return of 17,600 men a year earlier than expected from military service. Their organization, led by Maria Kirbasova, continues to oppose war and fight for better treatment of soldiers even today. Their most notable actions were taken in the earlier half of the first Chechen War, namely the “March of Parental Compassion.”

Winnipeg women stop the removal of the Wolseley Elm 1957.


Mary Ann Good planted the tree that came to be known as the Wolseley Elm, along with many others, on her family farm in 1860, before Wolseley Avenue existed. Mary’s elms began to be removed as the city of Winnipeg expanded, until the Wolseley Elm was the only elm remaining that did not stand on the side of the road. The city of Winnipeg made its first attempt to remove the tree to make way for Wolseley Avenue sometime between 1907 and 1909. The City paved Wolseley Avenue with asphalt in 1925 and the Elm came

Virginia Women Gain Revision of Anti-abortion Legislation, 2012


On February 19th, 2012 hundreds of women in Richmond, Virginia protested two bills in the Virginia state Senate, coordinated in part by NARAL Pro-Choice Virginia. The first of these bills had already passed the Senate, called the “personhood bill,” sponsored by Delegate Bob Marshall (R-Prince William), which states that life begins at conception and would give rights to a fertilized egg. The other bill would require that women seeking abortions undergo a transvaginal ultrasound, which requires a probe being inserted into the vagina.

Israeli women campaign for desegregation of gendered buses, 2007-2011


In the early 2000s Israeli bus lines began gender segregation as part of a pilot project. The gender segregation was part of the ultra-orthodox community’s religious guidelines. By February of 2007 there were more than thirty gender-segregated Haredi bus routes operating. Most of these bus lines were less expensive and more easily accessible than other bus routes. On 23 February 2007, New York-born novelist, feminist, and observant-Orthodox Jew Naomi Regan was asked to move to the back of a gender-segregated bus in Jerusalem.

Indian citizens protest gang rape, gain increased punishment for sexual assault crimes, 2012-2013


On 16 December 2012, six men raped and nearly beat a 23-year-old woman to death in New Delhi, the capital of the Republic of India. The woman had boarded a local bus with a male companion that night. Once the couple was on the bus, the six men began to taunt the couple. They gagged and beat the woman’s friend until he was unconscious. Then, the six men dragged the woman to the back of the bus, beat her with an iron rod, and gang-raped her. Following their attack, the men threw both the woman and her friend out onto the streets.

Israeli single mothers campaign against welfare cuts, 2003


On 29 June 2003, the Israeli Ministry of Finance amended the Hok HaHasderim, a bill passed in 1985 in order to combat existing hyperinflation and aid in the creation and development of an austerity program. The late June amendment enormously decreased single mothers’ welfare allowances. Single mothers across the nation, who were already struggling to make ends meet, were both hurt and angered by the amendment. On 2 July 2003, one such woman, a 43-year-old single mother named Vicky Knafo, marched two-hundred and fifty kilometers from her home in Mitzpe Ramon to Jerusalem.

Icelanders lead campaign against the sale of a national geothermal company, 2011


On 18 July 2010, Icelandic pop-singer and cultural icon Bjork called for Iceland’s Parliament to review the sale of Iceland’s geo-thermal company HS Orka to Vancouver-based company Magma Energy Corporation in order to consider the environmental and political implications of such a sale. Bjork argued that the sale of Iceland’s natural resources, like geo-thermal energy, should be decisions made by all Icelanders, and not just those affiliated with the company.

Brazilian women advance conditions for rural workers (Margaridas' march), 2000


In Brazil in 2000, the Margaridas, or Daisies, formed in honor of Margarida Maria Alves, a union leader renowned for surmounting the embedded cultural stereotypes and obstacles for women, especially those working in rural areas. Alves became the president of the Rural Worker’s Union in her town, but was reportedly assassinated in 1983, at the age of 50, because of her advocacy for those working in rural or forested areas. After her death, she became a feminist icon in the fight for equality

Ford female employees win strike for equal pay, Dagenham, England, 1968


In Dagenham, East London, 54,813 men, and only 187 women worked in Ford’s flagship factory. The women there were classified as “unskilled workers,” though male employees performing the same or similar jobs were classified as “skilled workers.” As a result the men were on a higher pay scale than the women. Female employees of the factory were deeply upset when they learned this fact, and even more enraged when they discovered that teenage boy floor-sweepers were paid higher wages than they were.

The Green Belt Movement defends the Karura Forest in Nairobi, Kenya, 1998-1999


The Karura forest is an urban 2500 acre forest in Nairobi. The Kenyan government had a common practice of land grabbing or secretly selling public lands to private companies and political allies. Wangari Maathai, who later was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004, mobilized the Green Belt Movement to action when developers began to clear sections of the Karura forest to build luxury homes and offices for political allies of the government in 1998.

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