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Foreigners establish Safety Zone and intervene to save civilians during Nanking Massacre, 1937-1938

Time period
December, 1937 to February, 1938
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Total points
5 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Soul Han, 18/11/2012

As soon as the Sino-Japanese War broke out in July 1937, Japanese dominated the tide of the war, seizing major cities of northern parts of the China (Beijing, Tenjin, etc.). By the end of November, the Japanese army captured Shanghai; the great number of deaths and casualties was unprecedented in the war. As the hostility toward Chinese grew among Japanese soldiers after the hard-won battle in Shanghai, the Japanese army advanced toward the city of Nanking.