Browse Cases

Showing 1-17 of 17 results

Twenty-five thousand refugees return safely to Guatemala using international nonviolent accompaniment (Project A), 1993-1999

Country
Mexico
Guatemala
Time period
January, 1993 to March, 1999
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Democracy
Human Rights
National/Ethnic Identity
Peace
Total points
8 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Derrek Bentley 22/11/2013

From 1960 to 1996 Guatemalans endured a civil war in which the Guatemalan military and leftist guerrillas fought for control. In order to defeat the guerrillas, the government focused on controlling and depleting the potential guerrilla population- generally the Mayan Guatemalans. Approximately 200,000 indigenous Mayans were displaced in the early 1980s and in 1987 they decided it was time to head home.

Kenyans report during the election 2012-2013

Country
Kenya
Time period
December, 2012 to March, 2013
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Democracy
Peace
Total points
9 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Brigitte Dorge 10/11/2013

Normal.dotm
0
0
1
645
3678
Bryn Mawr College
30
7
4516
12.0

Egyptian Muslims create human barriers to protect Coptic Egyptians and stand against religious militancy and government inaction, 2011

Country
Egypt
Time period
7th January, 2011 to 7th January, 2011
Classification
Change
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Human Rights
National/Ethnic Identity
Peace
Total points
6.5 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Jan Stander, 24/10/2013

On New Year’s
Eve, in 2010, Islamic militants attacked the Saints Church in Alexandria,
raising tensions and concerns about religious violence in Egypt. The attack was
only the most recent occurrence of religious violence and militancy in Egypt.
Many Egyptians perceived the issue as an epidemic, as well as the failings of
the Egyptian government to ensure the right to freedom of religious beliefs.
The growing resentment of government inaction and lack of representation led to
the Egyptian majority taking matters into their own hands through a campaign to

Peace Brigades International (PBI) protects and aids Guatemalan Mutual Support Group (GAM), 1984-1989

Country
Guatemala
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
9 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Sarah Gonzales, 14/04/2013

From 1960 to 1996 Guatemalans endured a civil war in which the Guatemalan military and leftist guerrillas fought for control.   In order to defeat the guerrillas, the government focused on controlling and depleting the potential guerrilla population- generally the Mayan Guatemalans.

Third party intervenes to support Domingo Laino’s return to Paraguay, 1986

Country
Paraguay
Time period
24 June, 1986 to 24 June, 1986
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
4 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Nick Palazzolo, 01/04/2013

After taking the Paraguayan presidency through a military coup, General Alfredo Stroessner served as president from 15 August 1954 to 3 February 1989. Shortly after taking power, he declared a state of siege, which enabled him to suspend civil liberties every ninety days until 1987. He has been accused of human rights violations for his actions during these years in office.

Peace Brigades International protects human rights activists in El Salvador, 1987-1992

Country
El Salvador
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
10 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Sarah Gonzales, 24/03/2013

In 1979 the United States of America (USA) supported a coup against Salvadoran General Humberto Romero in reaction to the deaths, disappearances, and torture that had reached international attention. The new Salvadoran government became a civilian-military “revolutionary junta” which used armed forces to suppress the Salvadoran population.  Opposition forces acted, using nonviolent and violent means, in order to prevent their suppression.  The government enforced a complete and violent repression against dissent. 

Foreigners establish Safety Zone and intervene to save civilians during Nanking Massacre, 1937-1938

Country
China
Time period
December, 1937 to February, 1938
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
5 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Soul Han, 18/11/2012

As soon as the Sino-Japanese War broke out in July 1937, Japanese dominated the tide of the war, seizing major cities of northern parts of the China (Beijing, Tenjin, etc.). By the end of November, the Japanese army captured Shanghai; the great number of deaths and casualties was unprecedented in the war. As the hostility toward Chinese grew among Japanese soldiers after the hard-won battle in Shanghai, the Japanese army advanced toward the city of Nanking. 

U.S. officials nonviolently intervene in South Korea to protect leading dissident Kim Dae Jung, 1985

Country
South Korea
United States
Time period
6 February, 1985 to 22 Febuary, 1985
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Democracy
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
8 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Natalia Choi and Mackenzie Welch, 20/03/2012

South Korea experienced political turmoil in the decades following the Korean War under the rule of several autocratic leaders who severely limited political freedom in society. As S. Korea was a crucial ally against the expansion of communism, the U.S. government was wary of being openly critical of the corrupt S. Korean government. However, the U.S. no longer could ignore the violation of human rights in South Korea when Kim Dae Jung, a leading pro-democracy dissident, sought U.S. assistance in his return from exile to Korea in 1985.

Shanti Sena (Indian Peace Brigade) intervenes in Baroda language riots, 1965

Country
India
Time period
1965 to 1965
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
10 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Nancy Liu, 30/10/2011

After India’s independence (for example see, “Indians campaign for independence (Salt Satyagraha), 1930-1931”), tensions between Hindus and Muslims erupted in violent riots in the north of what was an undivided India. At that time, Gandhi had the idea of creating Shanti Sena, or the Gandhian Peace Army, an army of nonviolent soldiers that could keep the peace. Gandhi planned a conference in 1948 at his Sevagram Ashram to discuss the organization of the Shanti Sena, but he was assassinated before talks began.

Third party intervenes to prevent violence at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, 1973

Country
United States
Time period
March, 1973 to March, 1973
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
National/Ethnic Identity
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
6 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Hannah Lehman, 23/10/2011

The history of Native American and government interactions in South Dakota is riddled with animosity.  In the mid-1900s the Native Americans were mortified by the atrocities committed against their people by the federal government and began to create a plan for protest.  In 1968, two hundred members of the American Indian community met to discuss issues of police brutality, high unemployment rates, unjust prosecutions, and other government policies regarding the Native American population.  At this meeting they launched the American Indian Movement (AIM).  

Shanti Sena (Indian Peace Brigade) intervenes in Bhiwandi riots, 1970

Country
India
Time period
7 May, 1970 to 19 May, 1970
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
7 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Nancy Liu, 22/10/2011

After India’s independence in 1947 (for example see, “Indians campaign for independence (Salt Satyagraha), 1930-1931”), tensions between Hindus and Muslims erupted in violent riots in the north of what was an undivided India. This was in part the legacy of the “divide-and-rule” strategy of the British Empire. When tensions flared, Gandhi had the idea of creating Shanti Sena, or Peace Army, an army of nonviolent soldiers that could keep the peace.

Shanti Sena (Indian Peace Brigade) intervenes in deadly Hindu/Muslim riots, Ahmedabad 1969

Country
India
Time period
September, 1969 to January, 1970
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
5 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Nancy Liu, 14/10/2011

After India’s independence (for example see, “Indians campaign for independence (Salt Satyagraha), 1930-1931”), tensions between Hindus and Muslims erupted in violent riots in the north of what was an undivided India. At that time, Gandhi had the idea of creating Shanti Sena, or the Gandhian Peace Army, an army of nonviolent soldiers that could keep the peace. Gandhi planned a conference in 1948 at his Sevagram Ashram to discuss the organization of the Shanti Sena, but he was assassinated before talks began.

Peace People march against violence in Northern Ireland, 1976

Country
Northern Ireland
England
Ireland
Time period
11 August, 1976 to December, 1976
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Human Rights
Peace
Total points
9 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Hannah Lehmann, 08/10/2011

In the 1960s, Northern Ireland began a period of ethno-political conflict called the Troubles. Through a series of social and political injustices, Northern Ireland had become a religiously divided society between historically mainland Protestants and Irish Catholics. Furthermore, the Irish people had become a fragmented body over a range of issues, identities, circumstances and loyalties. The conflict between Protestants and Catholics spilled over into violence, marked by riots and targeted killings between the groups beginning in 1968.

Brazilian priests intervene nonviolently to prevent violence, 1968

Country
Brazil
Time period
June, 1968 to June, 1968
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
9 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Anthony Phalen 18/11/2009

Dom Helder Camara was a Roman Catholic Archbishop of Olinda and Recife and an activist, who famously said “When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a Communist.” He was also the primary leader in the nonviolent intervention between a student protest and the Brazilian military in June 1968. In 1968, Dom Helder executed his campaign “Action, Justice, and Peace”, which was based on the movements conducted by Gandhi and Martin Luther King.

Nonviolent intervention in Philippines during military clash, 1986

Country
Philippines
Time period
February 22, 1986 to February 24, 1986
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
10 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Anthony Phalen, 08/01/2010

The third party nonviolent intervention during the People Power revolution came about as a result of the turbulent political situation in the Philippines in 1986. After the assassination of opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. in 1983, there were major protests throughout the Philippines attacking the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos (see “Filipinos campaign to overthrow dictator (People Power), 1983-1986”). These protests, combined with pressure from external forces forced Marcos to call for presidential elections on February 7, 1986.

Afghan policewomen form human chain to protect women's rights activists in Kabul, 2009

Country
Afghanistan
Time period
April 15, 2009 to April 15, 2009
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
6 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Max Rennebohm 24/01/2011

In March 2009 the Afghan Parliament passed the Shia Personal Status Law, which provided many restrictions and guidelines for the personal lives of Afghanistan’s Shiite Muslims, who made up between fifteen and twenty percent of the total population.  The law was drafted by Shia Clerics and then passed by congress and signed by President Hamid Karzai.  

Algerian citizens nonviolently intervene to prevent civil war, 1962

Country
Algeria
Time period
August 29, 1962 to September 3, 1962
Classification
Third-party nonviolent intervention
Cluster
Peace
Total points
8 out of 10 points
Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy
Aurora Muñoz 10/10/2009 and Max Rennebohm 29/03/2011

After over seven years of a harsh and bloody war between Algeria’s socialist National Liberation Front (FLN) and the French military, Algeria had finally claimed its independence from France in 1962.  However, internal turmoil among the state’s leaders threatened to disrupt the country’s peace. At a FLN party congress in late May 1962, one of the leading FLN members, Ahmed Ben Bella, convinced the FLN to vote out the government-in-exile, the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA), and its leader Ben Youssef Ben Khedda.