Time period notes
Methods in 1st segment
Methods in 2nd segment
Methods in 4th segment
Methods in 6th segment
Involvement of social elites
Groups in 1st Segment
Success in achieving specific demands/goals
21 March 2013 Chicago Public School officials announced a plan to close 54 schools with the goals of reconciling a $1 billion dollar deficit, making better use of resources, and improving education. District CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said that the plan addressed the underutilized and under-resourced schools in order to raise the quality of education in the remaining schools. The plan was expected to affect 30,000 students in the Chicago Metropolitan area and cost 300 teachers their jobs. It was the largest mass district closing of schools in the United States.
Parents, teachers and students protested outside of the home of Chicago’s Board of Education President David Vitales on the same day. They said that school closures would cost the city as much as the plan proposed to save, and harm communities.
They also said that 90% of the students that would be affected by the plan are black and closings disproportionately affected minority neighborhoods where schools are central to the stability of the community. Additionally many worried about the repercussions of students having to cross gang lines to get to school, and that vacated buildings will harm already struggling communities. For his part, Mayor Emanuel asked for ideas about how to fix the 60% rate of graduation from high school.
The Chicago Teacher’s Union (CTU) announced a rally for 27 March. Hundreds of students, parents and members of the Chicago community marched with the CTU to the Daley Plaza where they held a rush hour rally. The CTU stated that the demonstration would be nonviolent and that they would have their own marshals on hand to ensure that it stayed nonviolent. Protesters participated in a blockade across LaSalle Avenue that disrupted rush hour traffic. Police made over 50 arrests; there were no reports of violence.
On 2 April parents and community activists rallied outside Mayor Emanuel’s office asking for him to “walk the walk” -- to join them for a walk from the schools set to be closed to the schools students will be relocated to. The walks would shed light on the reality of the distance students would have to walk, the safety concerns and the potential for overcrowding.
Cecile Carrol, a director for Blocks Together, addressed the Mayor’s call for ideas and proposed that the schools that act as anchors for the community, could be split: half of the space for the school, and half for a community center to house GED programs for adults. The Mayor did not respond.
On 24 April students, teachers, parents and other members of the community protested outside of the Chicago Public School headquarters. Students stated that they would boycott the state PSAE test, to protest the role testing has played in the closure decisions. Students formed a chain around the room that held the board meeting but were pushed out by security personnel.
In the month of May there was a series of public hearings over school closures, during which the community voiced their opinions.
On 20 May members of groups such as the Chicago Students Organizing to Save Our Schools, Chicago Teacher’s Union and Voices of Youth in Chicago began a 3 day march and protest. Protesters marched from the South and West sides of Chicago to downtown. A group of protesters occupied the lobby of city hall. Twelve protesters were arrested for blocking elevators. The protesters held a rally in Daley Plaza, across from city hall.
The Mayor’s hand-selected board of education voted on 22 May to close 49 schools. District CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett took four of the schools off of the table because she perceived that the board might fight to save them.
The campaign in defense of the Chicago Public Schools threatened by closure failed since 49 of the 54 suggested schools have been closed. Campaigners said they would persevere with a shifted set of goals.
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Corley, Cheryl. "Losers In Chicago School Closings Target Elected Officials." NPR. NPR, 23 May 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://www.npr.org/2013/05/23/186195961/disappointed-by-school-closing-vote-union-targets-elected-officials>.
Ford, Quinn. "CPS Closings: Protesters Urge Emanuel To 'Walk the Walk'" DNAinfo. N.p., 2 Apr. 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20130402/chicago-citywide/cps-school-closings-protesters-urge-emanuel-walk-walk>.
Lutz, BJ, and Michelle Rutherford. "CPS to Shutter 54 Schools in Closure Plan." NBC Chicago. NBC Chicago, 21 Mar. 2013. Web. 11 Oct. 2013. <http://www.nbcchicago.com/blogs/ward-room/chicago-public-school-closures-199247301.html>.
Muñoz, Israel. "From Chicago to LA, Students Mass for Racial Justice | The Nation." From Chicago to LA, Students Mass for Racial Justice | The Nation. Student Nation, 23 May 2013. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://www.thenation.com/blog/174527/chicago-la-students-mass-racial-justice>.
"Office of the Mayor." City of Chicago ::. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/mayor.html>.
Padilla, Anita, Tiffany Boncan, and Mike Flannery. "CPS Protest to Disrupt Rush Hour, Public Hearings Begin in April - Chicago News and Weather | FOX 32 News." CPS Protest to Disrupt Rush Hour, Public Hearings Begin in April - Chicago News and Weather | FOX 32 News. FOX News, 26 Mar. 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://www.myfoxchicago.com/story/21794417/school-closure-protest-to-draw-big-crowds-cps-to-install-gardens>.
Peralta, Eyder. "In Chicago, Dozens Arrested As They Protest School Closures." NPR. NPR, 27 Mar. 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/03/27/175524955/in-chicago-dozens-arrested-as-they-protest-school-closures>.
Queally, Jon. "Chicago Teachers: We Will 'Put Our Bodies on the Line' to Fight School Closures | Common Dreams." Common Dreams. N.p., 23 Mar. 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <https://www.commondreams.org/headline/2013/03/23>.
Young, Renita. "TheGrio." TheGrio. MSNBC, 21 May 2013. Web. 12 Oct. 2013. <http://thegrio.com/2013/05/21/dozens-arrested-at-last-day-of-chicago-public-schools-closing-protests/>.