-From the organization's webpage
Methods in 1st segment
Methods in 2nd segment
Methods in 3rd segment
Methods in 4th segment
Methods in 5th segment
Methods in 6th segment
Involvement of social elites
Nonviolent responses of opponent
Groups in 1st Segment
Success in achieving specific demands/goals
Notes on outcomes
Liechtenstein is a small country between Switzerland and Austria with a population of approximately 35,000. After World War II, Liechtenstein’s economy was in shambles. The government, a constitutional monarchy currently under the rule of Prince Hans-Adam II, implemented low corporate taxes in order to draw companies into the country. As a result, Liechtenstein currently has the second highest gross domestic product per capita in the world and has more registered companies than citizens. However, the international community has identified Liechtenstein as a tax haven, where wealthy foreigners may hide their money in secret bank accounts in order to evade taxes in their own countries. These practices of tax evasion result in the loss of over 100 billion Euros each year across the European Union.
In February of 2008, a tax evasion scandal broke out in Germany after a former Liechtenstein bank employee sold bank account information to the German government. The German government discovered that over 1,000 wealthy German citizens had hidden money in secret Liechtenstein bank accounts. With the ensuing widespread media coverage of the scandal, ATTAC (Association for the Taxation of financial Transactions and Aid to Citizens), an organization that seeks global economic justice, turned its attention to Liechtenstein. European ATTAC members from outside of Liechtenstein published opinion pieces, gave radio interviews, and even appeared on several television shows.
On February 22, ATTAC, along with the Tax Justice Network, presented the “ATTAC Action Plan to Close Down Tax Havens” during a press conference. The plan called for international cooperation to track down tax evaders and close tax havens, as well as sanctions against uncooperative countries. Over 9,000 people signed an online petition in support of the plan.
Members of the ATTAC groups in Germany, France, Austria, and Switzerland organized a small demonstration in the Liechtenstein capital of Vaduz, set to take place on March 1. Approximately 30 ATTAC members participated. Some demonstrators dressed as tax-robber barons and wealthy tax evaders and then pretended to live on inflatable island swimming props, which represented the tax havens. The other demonstrators held signs and shouted in German, “Tax havens dry out!”
In response to this demonstration, approximately 100 Liechtensteiners spontaneously rallied in support of the government, booing the ATTAC members and telling them to go home. Despite this opposition, ATTAC considered this event successful because of the widespread media attention that it drew within Liechtenstein and neighboring countries.
ATTAC and the Tax Justice Network are still active today. However, they have not organized further direct action in Liechtenstein; they seek instead to petition the G20 and European Union to implement widespread change. As of 2009, under pressure from foreign countries (especially Germany and Britain), Liechtenstein has increased its banking transparency, providing some information to the foreign governments that seek tax evaders.
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