University of Iowa students campaign against sweatshops, 2000

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Timing
Time Period:  
Time period notes: 
The campaign began in 1999 and protests continued through the end of 2000, but most of the action was concentrated in March-May of 2000.
December
1999
to
December
2000
Location and Goals
Country: 
United States
Location City/State/Province: 
Iowa City, Iowa
Location Description: 
University of Iowa campus
Goals: 
To convince the University of Iowa administration to leave the FLA, join the WRC, and issue a code of conduct for licensees.
 

The year 1997 marked the start of a nation-wide anti-sweatshop movement led and fueled by college and university students from over 200 campuses. Inspired by early movements on Georgetown and University of Pennsylvania campuses and enraged by Bill Clinton’s attempt to mollify the public’s anger with the creation of the corrupt Fair Labor Union (FLA), University of Iowa students established a Students Against Sweatshops (SAS, or UISAS) chapter in 1999.

UISAS’s main goal was to pressure the University of Iowa administration to join the Workers Rights Consortium (WRC), a group created in response to the licensee-driven FLA. In contrast to the FLA, which only investigated concerns issued by manufacturers, the WRC investigated worker complaints and aimed at directly helping give workers’ rights groups more power. UISAS also urged the University of Iowa to leave the FLA, to which UI President Mary Sue Coleman signed the university without consulting the SAS, and to issue a code of conduct for licensees and manufacturers of University of Iowa logo clothing. Demonstrations began in December 1999 when UISAS members sang anti-sweatshop Christmas carols outside of the campus bookstore and delivered lumps of coal to President Coleman, a warning of the turbulence to come the following year.

On February 25, 2000, UISAS held a teach-in on sweatshops, touching on topics such as child labor and the role of student activism in the anti-sweatshop movement. The following week, UISAS’s Art and Revolution group put on a puppet street performance called “No More Monkey Business” in Iowa City. On March 27, UISAS held a rally and marched to President Coleman’s Fireside Chat to ask why Coleman refused to pull UI out of the FLA and join the WRC. The next day, to show support for students participating in a hunger strike at Purdue University, UISAS camped out in front of the UI administration building, Jessup Hall.

The turmoil escalated on April 3 when UISAS members occupying President Coleman’s office were removed by UI Public Safety and began a six-day sit-in at Jessup Hall. During that time, UISAS continued to host rallies and teach-ins to speak to over 100 students. The next day, Coleman agreed to join the WRC but refused to cut ties with the FLA. Finally at midnight on April 8, UI Public Safety raided Jessup Hall, evicting the students and arresting five for criminal trespass. However, administrative opposition did not stop UISAS from continuing protests outside of Jessup Hall and starting a two-week period of silence in which students marched outside Jessup Hall every day with red tape over their mouths, symbolizing the silencing of sweatshop workers and those who tried to speak out for them.

Although UI finally released its code of conduct for licensees in May 2000, UISAS’s anti-sweatshop campaign was only partially successful. Despite lobbying state legislature and gaining the support of Senator Tom Harkin, the United Steelworkers of America, and others, the University of Iowa remained a member of FLA.

UISAS continued protests against the arrests of the Jessup Hall 5 in October and delivered coal to President Coleman again in December in response to UI's continued membership in the FLA.

Research Notes
Influences: 

UISAS was influenced by anti-sweatshop campaigns on other college campuses such as the University of Pennsylvania. (1)

Sources: 
Elkins, Julie, and Hertel, Shareen. “Sweatshirts and Sweatshops: Labor Rights, Student Activism, and the Challenges of Collegiate Apparel Manufacturing.” Human Rights in Our Own Backyard: Injustice and Resistance in the United States. Ed. William T. Armaline, Davita Silfen Glasberg, and Bandana Purkayastha. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. 9-21. Print.

Featherstone, Lisa. “Students Against Sweatshops: A History.” Sweatshop USA: The American Sweatshop in Historical and Global Perspective. New York: Routledge, 2003. 247-264. Print.

"UE Local and Iowa Students Take a Stand Against Sweatshops." International Solidarity: 2000. Web.

"Students Against Sweatshops Lobby Legislators." UISAS. Web. <http://www.uiowa.edu/~uisas/lobby.html>.

"UISAS Timeline." UISAS. Web <http://www.uiowa.edu/~uisas/timeline.html>.

"University of Iowa Students Against Sweatshops Begins Sit-In: Occupies President Mary Sue Coleman's Office at Jessup Hall". UISAS. Web. <http://www.uiowa.edu/~uisas/sitin1.html>.

Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy: 
Iris Fang, 15/09/2012