Experimental Lakes Area obstructed by Canadian Conservative government (Save ELA) 2012-2013


1. To reverse the decision by the Canadian Conservative government to close the freshwater research facility

2. To identify an alternative sponsor to take over the freshwater facility and secure funding for the facility’s continued operation

3. To save forty years of research investment currently on-going at the facility

4. To challenge the Canadian Conservative government’s policies and legislation that promote energy projects by waging a "war on science."

Time period

June 2012 to September 2013, 2012 to 2013, 2013



Location City/State/Province

Northwestern Ontario

Location Description

Freshwater Research Facility in Boreal Forest
Jump to case narrative

Segment Length

2.5 months

Notes on Methods

Scientists and environmental groups formed a coalition to Save ELA, launching a battle of rhetoric that encompassed numerous forms of dialogue that engaged the public, the media, and the government. The Coalition to Save ELA, scientists and environmentalists have helped to make the connections between the closing of ELA and what is at stake for our environment.


Diane Orihel – Freshwater Ecologist and Founder of Coalition to SaveELA
Coalition to Save ELA
David Schindler – First Director of ELA and Recipient of International Environmental Awards


Environmental Groups and Environmentalists
Local Concerned Citizens
Council of Canadians
Lead Now
Ontario Liberal Government
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Manitoba NDP Government

External allies

Workers at the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Opposition political party leaders in office (Liberal, New Democratic, Green Parties)
Municipal leaders in office

Involvement of social elites

Maude Barlow – Leader of the Council of Canadians
Elizabeth May – Leader of the Green Party
Kathleen Wynne – Ontario Liberal Leader
Greg Selinger - Manitoba NDP Leader
Scott Vaughn – Executive Director of the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD)
David Suzuki – Founder of the David Suzuki Foundation
Rick Mercer
Jian Ghomeshi


Canadian Conservative Government
Greg Rickford – Member of Parliament for Kenora, Ontario

Nonviolent responses of opponent

47 public commentaries or public references in media

Campaigner violence

None known

Repressive Violence

None known





Group characterization

Canadian First Nation Peoples
citizens at large

Groups in 1st Segment

List of 42 groups - listed in Additional Notes (too lengthy for this section)

Groups in 2nd Segment

Citizens United for a Sustainable Planet (CUSP)

Groups in 3rd Segment


Groups in 4th Segment


Groups in 5th Segment


Groups in 6th Segment


Additional notes on joining/exiting order

All the support entered the campaign at an early stage. No group has exited

Segment Length

2.5 months

Success in achieving specific demands/goals

4 out of 6 points


1 out of 1 points


3 out of 3 points

Total points

8 out of 10 points

Notes on outcomes

The campaign was successful is keeping the facility open, finding a new sponsor and securing funding - the main thrust of their campaign.

There is ambiguity as to whether the scientists are able to save their work.

The campaign also failed to reverse the federal environmental policies and legislation related to the "war on science" that promote economic development through energy development campaigns.

Database Narrative

The Experimental Lakes Area (ELA) is an environmental freshwater research facility designed to monitor an isolated and contained ecosystem that encompasses an area containing 58 small lakes in Northwestern Ontario. The facility’s purpose is to study and correct problems concerning the food chain and ecosystem on which life on the planet relies.

Researchers from around the world have accessed this facility and 745 peer-reviewed scientific articles from independent scientists and universities have been produced from the research conducted on site.

On 17 May 2012, the Canadian Conservative government announced their decision to shut down the facility by end of March 2013, citing cost cutting of $2 million. Using public statements, newspaper articles and public forums, scientists challenged this logic, identifying a cost of $50 million to dismantle the facility. Noting federal government moves supporting extraction that threatens the environment, critics said that the closing represented a “war on science.”

Scientists, environmentalists, and concerned citizens formed the Coalition to Save ELA to stir public debate. Citizens held rallies and political protests, writing editorials in local newspapers, as well as using social media to express concerns that reflected the views of scientists and environmental groups.

The campaign began officially on June 5, 2012 when scientists rallied at the Manitoba Legislature Building in Winnipeg Manitoba. At the rally scientists, led by Save ELA organizer, Diane Orihel, met with local politicians to publically express their concerns. The same day a political protest was held outside the Kenora Ontario MP, Greg Rickford’s office to speak out against the federal omnibus bill that contained the legal processes for shutting down the facility. Leadnow, a politically motivated environmentalist group was responsible for organizing 90 political protests the weekend prior, against the omnibus bill.

On June 11, 2012, a public panel was held in Kenora to discuss the intended closure of ELA. Over a hundred people attended that gathering. The following day a protest rally was held in Dryden Ontario to protest the intended closure of ELA.

Notable allies came forward such as the Council of Canadians, the Northwestern Ontario Municipal Association, and First Nation communities in Ontario and Manitoba. More than forty-five groups and organizations made public declarations de nouncing the government’s decision to shut the facility. A local cottage group, Lake of the Woods District Property Owners Association, launched a petition signing and letter writing campaign amongst its members. Over 23,000 Canadians signed various petitions during the campaign, defending the Experimental Lakes Area facility.

On July 10, 2012, scientists initiated a significant protest on Parliament Hill in Ottawa Ontario, the nation’s capital, staging a mock funeral that hosted over 2,000 people, using the slogan, “Death of Evidence - No science, No evidence, No truth, No democracy.” The event was dramatized with a formal funeral procession, as well as eulogies imparted by prominent scientific spokespeople, opposition political leaders, and Diane Orihel, the lead organizer for Save ELA.
Scientists in Winnipeg Manitoba held a similar mock wake at the University of Manitoba.
Further public rallies were held in Kenora on August 24, 2012, and April 1, 2013. Winnipeg Manitoba also hosted an additional political protest on September 18, 2012 at The Forks, a popular gathering place.

Scientists launched a new focus in the fight to save ELA on August 14, 2012, featuring the prevalence of liver toxins in Canadian lakes. The media covered this new approach, producing close to twenty articles. An Environics poll identified that three quarters of Canadians oppose the shutting down of the facility, including 60% of Conservative voters.

In the month of September, 2012, numerous opposition political leaders stood up in Parliament during Question Period to make public statements of support for ELA and to ask whether the Conservative government was willing to reverse its decision to close the facility.

The campaign ended on September 2, 2013 with a formal announcement from the Ontario and Manitoba provincial governments that the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) would be sponsoring the facility, with a funding agreement between the two Provincial governments, Ontario and Manitoba. The IISD’s mandate for ELA includes an emphasis on strengthening the links between social, economic, and environmental factors related to sustainable development.


The Save ELA campaign was influenced by the magnitude of what is at stake; evidence of pollutants that leads to environmental health (1).

The Save ELA campaign and the scientists struggle with the "war on science" became intrinsically linked because of the Canadian Conservative government policies and legislation to diminish science-based evidence (2).


Works Cited

Canadian Council of Canadians. "Walk Away from CETA." Council of Canadians.
n/d. www,canadians.org/ceta (accessed November 19, 2013).

Centre for Global Development. "Centre for Global Development, Canada."
Centre for Global Development. November 18, 2013. www.cgdev.org/page/canada (accessed November 20, 2013).

Chung, Emily. "Muzzling of federal scientists widespread, survey suggests." CBC
News Technology & Science. October 21, 2013. www.cbc.ca/news/technology/muzzling-of-federal-scientists-widespread-survey-suggests-1.2128859 (accessed November 20, 2013).

Council of Canadians. "60% of Conservative Voters Oppose the Funding Cuts to
the Experimental Lakes Area." Council of Canadians. October 18, 2012. canadians.org/media/water/2012/17-Oct-12.html (accessed November 19, 2013).

Council of Canadians. Maude Barlow -- Making Waves, Council of Canadians,
Making Waves, Sinking the Harper Agenda Convention. Nanaimo, BC: www.youtube.com/watch?v=w21rUuDT8pc, November 7, 2012.

CTV News. "Latest omnibus budget bill heralded by some, decried by others."
CTV News Politics. October 21, 2012. www.ctvnews.ca/politics/latest-omnibus-budget-bill-heralded-by-some-decried-by-others-1.1004340 (accessed November 20, 2013).

Davison, Janet. "Scientists rally on Parliament Hill to mourn 'death of evidence'."
CBC News Technology & Science. July 9, 2012. www.cbc.ca/news/technology/scientists-rally-on-Parliament-Hill-to-mourn-death-of-evidence-1.1237215 (accessed November 20, 2013).

Dey, Anouk. "What Ever Happened to Petro Canada?" Canadian International
Council. February 17, 2012. http://opencanada.org/features/what-ever-happened-to-petro-canada/ (accessed November 19, 2013).

Experimental Lakes Area. Experimental Lakes Area. November 7, 2012.
http://www.experimentallakesarea.ca/ELA_Website.html (accessed November 7, 2012).

Fitapatrick, Meagan. "Death of scientific evidence mourned on Parliament Hill."
CBC News Politics. July 10, 2012. www.cbc.ca/news/politics/death-of-scientific=evidence-mourned-on-parliament-hill-1.1218019 (accessed November 20, 2013).

Hoag, Hannah. "Ecology: Lady of the lakes." Edited by doi:10.1038/502612a.
Nature 502 (October 2013): 612-613.

International Institute for Sustainable Development. "Freshwater Management."
IISD, International Institute for Sustainable Development. n/d. www.iisd.org/freshwater/ (accessed November 20, 2013).

Leadnow.ca. "Donate to help First Nations fight FIPA in court." September 30,
2013. https://leadnow.netdonor.net/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=1694&ea,campaign.id=19897&ea.tracking.id=donate-single (accessed November 19, 2013).

Leadnow.ca people powered change. "Stop the extreme and secretive Canada-
China FIPA." Leadnow.ca. n/d. http://www.leadnow.ca/stop-fipa (accessed November 18, 2013).

Leahy, Stephen. "Desmog Canada." Public Pressure Forces Harper to Agree to
Transfer Shuttered ELA Environmental Research Centre. May 10, 2013. www.desmog.ca/directory/vocabulary/12593 (accessed November 20, 2013).

MacKinnon, Leslie. "Native bands challenge omnibus budget bill in court." CBC
News Politics. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/native-bands-challenge-omnibus-budget-bill-in-court-1.1371476 CBC News Politics. January 7, 2013. www.cbc.ca/news/politics/native-bands-challenge-omnibus-budget-bill-in-court-1.1371476 (accessed November 18, 2013).

McGregor, Janyce. "22 changes in the budget bill fine print." CBC News Politics.
Oct 26, 2012. www.cbc.ca/news/politics/22-changes-in-the-budget-bill-fine-print-1..1233481 (accessed November 18, 2013).

Paris, Max. "Experimental Lakes allies say poll a wakeup call for Tories." CBC
News Politics. October 18, 2012. www.cbc.ca/news/politics/experimental-lakes-allies-say-poll-a-wakeup-call-for-tories-1.1260805 (accessed November 20, 2013).

Patterson, Brent. "UPDATE: Barlow speaks to 400 at public forum in Winnipeg
tonight to save the ELA." rabble.ca. November 27, 2012. rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/brent-patterson/2012/11/update-barlow-speaks-400-public-forum-winnipeg-tonight-save-e (accessed November 20, 2013).

Save ELA Experimental Lakes Area. Save ELA: Experimental Lakes Area.
November 7, 2012. saveela.org (accessed November 19, 2013).

Science on NBC News.com. "Canadian Scientists Protest Government Spending
Cuts." NBC News. 07 11, 2012. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/48141635/ns/technology_and_science-science/#.Uofw9JaWLOa4, http://saver-earthiness.blogspot.ca/2012/07/canadian-scientists-protest-spending.html (accessed November 19, 2013).

Turner, Chris. "Harper's war on science continues with a vengeance."
thestar.com commentary. October 13, 2013.
science_continues_with_a_vengeance.html (accessed November 20, 2013).

Turner, James. "'Enormous benefits' in ELA research as Manitoba, Ontario
commit interim funding." Winnipeg Free Press News. September 2, 2013. www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/Manitoba-Ontario-pledge-funds-to-ELA-222065491.html (accessed November 20, 2013).

Additional Notes

There are a number of videos integrated within the sources (URL links provided)

There are three locations identified on the map:
1. Ottawa, Ontario - location of largest action - protest on Parliament Hill
2. Location of the Experimental Lakes Area, Boreal Forest in Northwestern Ontario
3. Winnipeg, Manitoba - location of new sponsor - International Institute for Sustainable Development

Groups joining in First Segment (not sufficient space in identified text box)
o City of Winnipeg’s Executive Policy Committee
o Winnipeg Foundation: Friends of the Experimental Lakes Area Inc.
o Council of Canadians
o Liberal Party of Canada
o New Democratic Party of Canada
o City of Kenora
o Kenora Support Group for ELA
o David Suzuki Foundation
o Boreal Forest Network
o District Municipality of Muskoka
o Mathew Coon Come, Grand Chief, representing the Cree Regional Authority
o Centre for Ecological Research
o DIVERSITAS of the Western Pacific and Asia
o Japanese Society of Limnology
o Canadian Society of Environmental Biologists
o Global Lake Temperature Collaboration
o four former Directors of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans
o Northwestern Ontario Municipal Association
o Tall Grass Bakery
o East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies (EAFES)
o Ecological Society of Japan
o Australian Society for Limnology (ΛSL)
o Entomological Society of Canada
o Science Directors of the Canadian Rivers Institute (CRI)
o Entomological Society of Manitoba (ESM)
o Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), the Ecological Society of America (ESA), the International Society of Limnology (SIL), the Society of Canadian Limnologists (SCL), the Society for Freshwater Sciences (SFS)
o Ontario Chapter of the American Fisheries Society (AFS)
o Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)
o International Association for Great Lakes Research (IAGLR)
o Canadian Aquatic Resources Section of the American Fisheries Society (AFS)
o Atlantic Geoscience Society (AGS)
o International Society for Limnology (SIL)
o Gord Mackintosh, representing the Manitoba Conservation and Water Stewardship, and Jim Bradley, representative for the Ontario Minister of the Environment
o eight pre-eminent aquatic scientists via the Coalition to Save ELA
o Society of Canadian Limnologists (SCL)
o University of Waterloo Graduate Students Association
o The Water Institute
o National Council of Women of Canada
o Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, Inc.
o Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre
o North American Lake Management Society (NALMS)
o Idle No More Movement

Name of researcher, and date dd/mm/yyyy

Michelle Shephard 21/11/2013