Time period notes
Methods in 1st segment
Methods in 2nd segment
Methods in 3rd segment
Methods in 4th segment
Methods in 5th segment
Methods in 6th segment
Involvement of social elites
Groups in 1st Segment
Success in achieving specific demands/goals
Notes on outcomes
On 18 March 1970, a group of feminists staged a sit-in at the offices of the Ladies’ Home Journal (LHJ) to protest how the magazine’s mostly male editorial board depicted women. At the time, LHJ was the second largest women’s magazine in the United States. The sit-in involved women from groups such as Media Women, New York Radical Feminists, National Organization of Women (NOW), the Redstockings, and Barnard College students.
The activists chose Ladies’ Home Journal as the target for the sit-in for several reasons. Protesters believed the magazine’s focus on beauty and housework reinforced patriarchy. They also objected to the male control of editorial and advertising content. Since it’s inception, LHJ had sought a role in informing, instructing, and entertaining American women. However, the magazine paid little attention to the newly established women’s movement. .
The morning of the protest, the women met at St. Peter’s Church on Lexington Avenue, near the magazine’s 54th street offices. One of the protesters had previously worked at the magazine, giving protest leaders an opportunity to enter the offices prior to the sit-in and gather information that helped them plan their actions At approximately 9:00am, the women entered the building and marched to Editor in Chief John Mack Carter’s office where they presented their demands. While in the office, a cameraman from an unknown network entered the office and punched one of the demonstrators. He was removed from the premises. Demonstrators also began talking to secretaries and other women who worked in the LHJ offices to explain their reasons for protesting. By the end of the day, the protesters were able to gain tentative understanding from office workers who had originally questioned the motivation for protesting. The protest lasted for eleven hours.
In addition to sitting-in, the protesters created a 20-page mock magazine titled, “Women’s Liberated Journal,” and displayed a banner displaying the title from the office windows. They held Editor in Chief Carter and female managing editor Lenore Hershey during negotiations, and smoked Carter’s cigars. In their magazine, the women suggested article titles such as “How to Get a Divorce,” “How to Have an Orgasm,” “What to tell your Draft-Age Son,” and “How Detergents Harm our Rivers and Streams.”
Protesters demanded that the magazine: hire a female editor in chief and editorial staff, hire women to write columns to avoid inherent male bias, hire non-whites in proportion to the United States’ population, raise women’s salaries to a minimum of $125 a week, provide free child-care in the offices, open editorial meetings to all staff members to avoid traditional power hierarchies, stop running ads that degraded women, stop running articles tied to ads, and end the “Can This Marriage Be Saved?” column.
While Editor in Chief Carter refused to resign from his position, he did promise to explore the possibility of on-site day care. He also allowed protesters to produce an eight-page section of the magazine for the August 1970 issue titled “New Feminism.” The protesters were paid ten thousand dollars for this section, and the money was used to form the first women’s center in New York City.
In the years following the sit in, the magazine introduced columns, such as the “The Working Woman,” in June 1971, and “Women in the Economy,” in 1973. In 1974, Lenore Hershey became Editor in Chief of the magazine. Despite these changes, the magazine still published some content feminists found controversial, including an article called “Jesus and the Liberated Woman,” which concluded that failures to accept God-given roles as wife, mother, and homemaker caused many of women’s frustrations.
The sit-in induced some acknowledgment of women’s demands for appropriate editorial content and demonstrated how media was relevant to women’s oppression. While the women produced the New Feminism column and the journal eventually promoted a female to editor in chief, the magazine continued to run columns and ads feminists found controversial.
Farrell, Amy. 1998. Yours in Sisterhood: Ms. Magazine and the Promise of Popular Feminism. Retrieved May 20, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150523183115/https://books.google.com/books?id=ofN_cGKaMg8C&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=ladies+home+journal+sit+in&source=bl&ots=gw_w7kbBX8&sig=Og5yNYV0T56burHOD-mSDPuPc-M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kr9gVZ7hA4HgsQWWuYD4DA&ved=0CDQQ6AEwBDgK
Hunter, Jean E. 1990. “A Daring New Concept: ‘The Ladies Home Journal’ and Modern Feminism.” NWSA Journal 2(4): 583-602.
Napikoski, Linda. “Ladies Home Journal Sit-In” Retrieved May 20, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150523173930/http://womenshistory.about.com/od/feminism/a/ladies_home_journal_sit_in.htm
Ortega, Tony. 2010. “Women’s Lib Invasion of Ladies Home Journal!” The Village Voice Blog. September 13. Retrieved May 20, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150523181113/http://blogs.villagevoice.com/runninscared/2010/09/womens_lib_inva.php