Methods in 1st segment
Methods in 2nd segment
Methods in 6th segment
Involvement of social elites
Nonviolent responses of opponent
Groups in 1st Segment
Groups in 2nd Segment
Groups in 3rd Segment
Success in achieving specific demands/goals
Notes on outcomes
Jeffrey Deitch, the director of Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) commissioned Blu, an Italian street artist, to paint a mural on the Geffen Contemporary building as part of the “Art in the Streets” exhibit about graffiti, which was planned to open April 17, 2011. While Blu painted the mural on December 8, 2010, Deitch decided to remove the mural within mere hours after he started painting it, and the mural was completely whitewashed by the next day, Thursday December 9.
Blu created a scene of coffins draped in one-dollar bills to express his antiwar sentiments. Deitch considered this mural inappropriate because the wall faces an L.A. Veterans' Affairs Hospital and the Go For Broke monument, which honors Japanese-American soldiers who fought in the Pacific during World War II.
When news reporters contacted the veterans’ affairs center management, the management claimed that they had not complained to MOCA. Representatives from the National Go For Broke Education Center claimed that some members found the mural distasteful, but the organization had not voiced any objections to the museum.
After news reporters publicized the censorship of Blu’s work, MOCA invited Blu to come back and paint another mural. He refused to paint another mural over his erased mural in protest of their censorship.
On December 16, the art activist group LA Anonymous created a paste-up poster that they displayed a few blocks from MOCA. The image of the artwork spread virally on the Internet when the LA Times published it the following day.
On January 3, 2011 a crew of about twenty street and graffiti artists and war veterans gathered in the empty parking lot of MOCA's Geffen Contemporary building to stage a guerrilla protest performance against Deitch. Protesters included respected Chicano artist and Vietnam War veteran Leo Limon, Joey Krebs (The Phantom Street Artist), and Carol Wells (founder and executive director of the Center for the Study of Political Graphics).
The protesters projected laser graffiti out of the back seat of a car with a laptop perched on the roof of the car. The artists took turns tagging the whitewashed museum wall using a handmade laser graffiti gun created specially for the event by artist/computer programmer, Todd Moyer. His specially designed computer program animated the light-graffiti so that it looked like dripping paint as it hit the wall. The laser light show climaxed when the protesters projected a photo of Blu's mural back onto its wall of origin. They then superimposed the word "censorship" in red across the projected image. In addition to projecting images on the wall, protesters gave out handmade models of Blu’s coffin with a dollar bill draped over it.
The artists’ and veterans’ laser show protest gained a lot of press and brought up the issues freedom of speech and censorship. A participant and artist, John Carr later commented that their protest was about making a statement, supporting Blu and freedom of speech, and to keep the conversation going, which they achieved by their guerilla protest.
On January 10 many of the artists who participate in the laser show protest formed the group LA RAW. These LA based artists & activists aimed to focus their efforts on two key principles: 1) standing up for freedom of expression and 2) voicing opposition against militarism and war. That same day, Sonali Kolhatkar from Uprising Radio on KPFK in Los Angeles hosted a discussion with Carol Wells (LA RAW representative) and artists Man One and Vyal One about MOCA's censorship of Blu.
To further their publicity, LA RAW distributed “Deitch condoms” that had the phrase "Don't Be Blu, Practice Safe Art"—a reference to the health campaign slogan “practice safe sex”. They meant the condoms to symbolize censorship of art.
LA RAW continued to speak out against censorship and held a protest on January 20 against Wayne Clough, Secretary of the Smithsonian Museum, who recently removed David Wojnarowicz’s 1987 video, “A Fire in My Belly” (see "U.S. Artist's Campaign Against Art Censorship at the Smithsonian, Wojnarowicz’s “A Fire in My Belly”, 2010-2011"). LA RAW held a mock funeral procession for the freedom of expression.
On April 6 LA RAW created a paste-up poster nearby MOCA which read: “Broadum and Deitchy: Safest Show on Earth”. The poster featured Deitch as a circus performer with a huge smile on his face. They also painted Blu’s mural on the side of a van that they drove around.
The exhibition “Art in the Streets” opened on April 16 and LA RAW protested with guerilla theater. The campaigners dressed up and whitewashed each other with paint. They also unrolled a scrolling banner in front of the new mural that read “One Nation Under Deitch” and held a mock funeral in remembrance of Blu’s mural. LA RAW plans to continue protesting art censorship not only at MOCA, but also about national art censorship.
This campaign influenced and was influenced by the U.S. Artist's Campaign Against Art Censorship at the Smithsonian, Wojnarowicz’s “A Fire in My Belly”, 2010-2011 (direct link located in narrative of this case). (1,2)
Knight, Christopher. "MOCA's Mural Mess." Los Angeles Times. 14 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/culturemonster/2010/12/moca-whitewashes-blu-mural.html>.
"Laser Graffiti 'Protest Performance' Over MOCA's Censorship of Street Artist Blu's Mural." Huffington Post. 5 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/04/laser-grafitti-protest-pe_n_804499.html>.
Rojo, Jamie, and Steven Harrington. "Censorship! MOCA Has a BLU Tiger by the Tail." Huffington Post. 15 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jaime-rojo-steven-harrington/censorship-moca-has-a-blu_b_796865.html>.
Vankin, Deborah. "L.A. Street Artists Release Video of MOCA Protest." Los Angeles Times. 4 Jan. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/culturemonster/2011/01/la-street-artists-release-video-of-moca-protest.html>.
Vankin, Deborah. "Street Artists Hold Protest Performance at MOCA's Geffen Contemporary." Los Angeles Times. 4 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/culturemonster/2011/01/street-artists-protest-moca-geffen-contemporary-blu.html>.
Web log post. LA RAW. Web. 29 Apr. 2011. <http://laraw-art.blogspot.com/>.
"Whitewash at MOCA: Jeffrey Deitch Censors Blu's Political Street Art Mural." Art Info. 13 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. <http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/36568/whitewash-at-moca-jeffrey-deitch-censors-blus-political-street-art-mural/>.