(mainly or initiated by) student participants

STUDENT PARTICIPANTS (mainly or initiated by). Includes elementary school students as well as older ages of students. There are struggles, for example for regime change, that are initiated by students but grow far beyond that category. This tag enables readers still to find such cases, in which students played a key role.

Polish Students Reject Censorship and Repression, 1968

 

In early 1968, the Polish National Theater in Warsaw decided to stage a production of “Dziady,” a classic Polish play by the revered 19th century writer Adam Modzelewski. The production’s director, Kazmierz Dejmek, choose to highlight the text’s connection to early Christianity as well as the story of Poland’s struggle for liberation. Although the communist government rejected religion, no pundits viewed the play’s content as an exceptional departure from the guidelines of the Central

British Students Gain London School of Economics Stand Against Israeli Military Action in Gaza

 

In January of 2009, protests broke out worldwide to condemn Israel’s military actions in Gaza. The weekend of the 10th and 11th of January, crowds gathered in cities worldwide for demonstrations of up to 250,000 people. In London, 100,000 people gathered to protest the war in Gaza.

A couple of days following these demonstrations, student occupations at universities in the United Kingdom (UK) began to break out, starting with the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) on 13 January.

High Point students protest for theater integration, 1960-1964

U.S. Civil Rights Movement (1950s-1960s)
 

On 18 February 1960, the High Point Biracial Committee was formed to ease racial tensions in High Point. As the group gained more legitimacy, more facilities desegregated thanks in part to negotiations between the committee and city officials. By 1963, nearly all government and public institutions were integrated. The remaining stronghold of segregation was privately-owned buildings such the town theaters.

British students force end of Barclays Bank’s investments in South African Apartheid 1969-1987

South Africa Apartheid Divestment Movement (1970s-1980s)
 

Apartheid was a legal and political system of racial segregation in South Africa in which the National Party used violence to uphold political and economic control by the white minority. Apartheid began under colonial Dutch rule and was officially introduced as an official policy in 1948.

Haverford College Black Students' League's campaign to eradicate institutionalized racism 1972

 

As Haverford College became more racially diverse in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the actions of minority students protesting against discrimination became increasingly visible.

High Point high school students sit-in for U.S. civil rights, 1960

U.S. Civil Rights Movement (1950s-1960s)
 

High Point, North Carolina was a city viewed as progressive on racial relations, but the black community felt alienated as nearly all of High Point’s public institutions were segregated.

On 1 February 1960, a group of four college students began a sit-in at a Woolworth’s in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. News spread quickly to High Point, about 16 miles away.

Arizona State University students win better wages and working conditions for food service workers, 2006-2007

Student Living Wage Movement (late 1990s - mid 2000s)
 

In 2006, Arizona State University was one of the larger schools in the United States of America, and employed over 12,000 people. However, many employees at Arizona State University, including the food service workers, made the federal minimum wage of $5.15/hour, well below the “Living Wage” of Tempe calculated to be $10.46.

Since the late 1990’s, students at many different colleges across American had held campaigns to raise the wages of low-income workers. (See this database for other campaigns.)

Italian students protest austerity education reform (Gelmini Decree), 2010

 

In 2010, Italy faced high levels of public debt due to a financial crisis. The Italian economy was near 2 trillion euros in outstanding debt and by 2011 the debt was projected to continue to rise. Thus, the Italian Parliament enacted austerity policies, which are utilized to decrease debt during unfavorable economic circumstances.

Chicago students, teachers protest school closings, 2013

 

21 March 2013 Chicago Public School officials announced a plan to close 54 schools with the goals of reconciling a $1 billion dollar deficit, making better use of resources, and improving education. District CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said that the plan addressed the underutilized and under-resourced schools in order to raise the quality of education in the remaining schools. The plan was expected to affect 30,000 students in the Chicago Metropolitan area and cost 300 teachers their jobs.

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